The historical importance of the bridge over the Inn as a crossroads of European north-south traffic was responsible for the name of the settlement on the banks of the Inn, "Innsprucke". In 1187, an officail document names the new market "Innsprucke". The habsburgs acquired Tirol in 1363, a decisive development in the evolution of Innsbruck. Duke FriedrichIV. transferred his residence from Schloss Tirol, near Merano in present day Italy, to Innsbruck, making it his capital in 1429. The Tirolean line of Habsburgs died out in 1665 an Tirol came under the direct rule of the Viennese Court. Emperor Leopold I. founded Innsbruck University in 1669. Empress Maria Theresia brought the city to a renewed flowering with the enlargement of the Imperial Palace and the construction of the Triumphal Arch. Today, Innsbruck has a population of about 130000. There are 30000 students registered at the university and an estimated 2-3 million tourists visit the city each year.
...now we'll say to you ... heartily welcome
The skiing and hiking region of the Seegrube/Hafelekar is a paradise for athletes and sun worshippers. Skiing, snowbarders, paragliders, hanging gliders all perform their stunts and attractions high up over the city of Innsbruck. Bergisel, just south of Innsbruck, attained international renown during the annual competition of the world's best ski jumpers on the Olympic ski jump, whisch ws specially built for the Olympic games in 1964. To the southeast of Innsbruck, rising over the village of Amras, are the vast grounds of Renaissance Castle Ambras, situated right in the middle of a huge park. The old City Hall and City Tower formthe architectural centre of Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse. In 1560-61, the pointed Gothis coof was replaced by a Baroque "onion Tower".